Born in 1913. Took part in Quit India movement and courted arrest. Post independence, settled in village Nimdih in Bihar. Established ‘Loksevayatan' for cultivation and khadi production in order to attain self reliance in clothing and food for the tribes. Started a Balwadi, a Primary and Secondary School, Adult Education Centres and a Health Home. Set up a number of village industries like weaving, grain-pounding, oil mill, bricks & tiles making etc.